OFFICE CHAIRS

Published by Ken Dunn
Dunway Enterprises

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Large, upholstered chair with closed arms and wide, luxurious seat Office Chair Anatomy Swivel chair with caster wheels Chief Executive Office Chair

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

The office chair was strategically designed to increase the productivity of clerical employees by making it possible for them to remain sitting at their desks for long periods of time. A swivelling chair with caster wheels allowed employees to remain sitting and yet reach a number of locations within their work area, eliminating the time and energy expended in standing. The wooden saddle seat was designed to fit and support the body of a sitting employee, and the slatted back and arm rests provided additional support to increase the employee’s comfort. Like our modern chairs, many of these models were somewhat adjustable to provide the maximum comfort and thus the maximum working time.

In the 20th century, this chair is very common in offices.

The culture of the office also demanded that a distinct difference exist between the chairs that the employees used and that of the chief executive. When swivel chairs were widely used, the executive sat in a straight-backed chair with no mobility to demonstrate his status. As design of the office chair eliminated the arms and added cushioned seats, the executive chair became a large, upholstered chair with closed arms and wide, luxurious seats. Even today, the size (both height of the back and width of the seat) of an office chair demonstrates the status of the user.

Office Chair Anatomy

The office chair is something you see in every part of the office - cubicles, CEO's room, conference rooms, even in the cafeteria. Wherever the area may be, an office chair has one purpose - to allow you to sit down in a comfortable and healthy manner.

Contrary to what many may think, the office chair is no longer a piece of furniture. Behind each and every office chair, there are a lot of thought and science being implemented. The reason for this, is because an office chair can be harmful to your health and also your body.

The principles of ergonomics are used with office chairs to give you comfort and safety. Below, you'll find some key points to look for in an office chair.

1. Chair Height
The height of an office chair should always be easy to adjust. In order to do this, the chair must be equipped with a pneumatic adjustment lever. This lever should be able to move your chair between 16 and 21 inches off the floor.

This is important simply because the person sitting in the chair needs to sit according to the height of the table or desk. The chair shouldn't be too high or too low, so the user doesn't slouch or strain at their desk.

The important thing to remember is that the knees should be at a lower height than your hips. This will encourage the natural "double C" of the spine and help to provide upright support for your body.

2. Chair Width and Depth
An office chair should always be wide enough to support users of all shapes and sizes. Normally, the width will vary between 17 and 20 inches. The chair depth area is the area found from the front of the seat to the back of the chair.

The depth of the office chair should be big enough for you to lean back against the backrest with 2 to 4 inches difference between your knees and the seat of the chair.

3. Armrests
Armrests are adjustable and will allow you to rest your elbows, arms, and shoulders in a comfortable manner.

4. Backrest
The backrest on an office chair will vary from 12 to 19 inches. Like all other parts of office chairs, the backrest should be adjustable enough to move either forwards of backwards.

5. Swivel
Working in an office requires you moving about, from one computer to another or even to a file cabinet. Therefore, an office chair should provide a swivel at the bottom to allow you to move around your area freely.

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